Democracy means equality. The great significance of the proletariat's struggle for equality and of equality as a slogan will be clear if we correctly interpret it as meaning the abolition of classes. But democracy means only formal equality. And as soon as equality is achieved for all members of society in relation to ownership of the means of production, that is, equality of labor and wages, humanity will inevitably be confronted with the question of advancing father, from formal equality to actual equality, i.e., to the operation of the rule “from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs”.
Lenin, The State and Revolution (1917)
"But I think the right to vote is inherent to our democracy. Yes, even for terrible people, because once you start chipping away…you're running down a slippery slope," Sanders added. "I believe even if they are in jail, they're paying the price to society, that should not take away their inherent American right to participate in our democracy."
Bernie Sanders, April 2019
What Bernie Sanders stated incorrectly is that the United States is a democracy. Our nation was specifically designed not to be a democracy. Madison explained why the Untied States was designed as a Republic when he stated, “We have seen the mere distinction of colour made in the enlightened period of time, a ground of the most oppressive dominion ever exercised by man over man. What has been the source of those unjust laws complained of among ourselves? Has it not been the real or supposed interest of the major numbers? Debtors have defrauded their creditors. The landed interest has borne hard on the mercantile interest. The holders of one species of property have thrown disproportion of taxes on the holders of another species. The lesson we are to draw from the whole is that where a majority are united be a common sentiment, and have an opportunity, the rights of the minor party become insecure”
In conversation Plato explained that it is that freedom's excesses, and the refusal of many in a democracy to accept any limits on what they can get or buy or conquer eventually hit reality. And when the reality hits, the frustration and insolence at finding that money does not grow on trees or that the world cannot be hammered into the shape our ideology demands easily gives way to a new form of government. That new government promises to remove all the perils and difficulties of self-government in favor of the certainty and security of raw executive power.
In Federalist Paper No. 10, James Madison wanted to prevent rule by majority faction, saying, “Measures are too often decided, not according to the rules of justice and the rights of the minor party, but by the superior force of an interested and overbearing majority.”
John Adams warned in a letter, “Remember democracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself. There never was a democracy yet, that did not commit suicide.”
Edmund Randolph said, “That in tracing these evils to their origin, every man had found it in the turbulence and follies of democracy.”
Then-Chief Justice John Marshall observed, “Between a balanced republic and a democracy, the difference is like that between order and chaos.”
Marx contradicted our founders and brings to light what Bernie Sanders and the Marxist/Progressives (Democrats) mean when they call for a true democracy in the United States. Marx explained that in democracy, the constitution, the law, the state itself is on the self-determination of the people and a particular content of the people.
The particular difference between a republic and a democracy is:
A republic protects the rights of the minority from the tyranny of the majority. A democracy is the majority imposing their absolute will. A republic is likened to a suspect being tried in a court following the constitutionally demanded right that the government must prove guilt and not that the suspect must prove innocence. A democracy is the suspect being tried by the mob without the constitutionally mandated protections but with the emotion and irrationality of the mob prevailing.
A republic is protecting the rights of the individual such as freedom of speech and religion. A democracy is demanding limitations on the freedom of speech when it is considered to be offensive, or hate speech, or contradictory to the ideas of the majority. A republic is protecting the rights of the individual to worship God as they believe is correct. A democracy is restricting that worship when that worship contradicts the ideology of the majority and thus the majority forces submission or administers severe penalties.
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