The main problem with this question is that there are many different, conflicting definitions of both words. Even Marx and Engels themselves used the words to mean different things at different points in time. To talk about someone's specific beliefs, you generally need to use more specific terms than either "socialist" or "communist".
Socialism Vs Communism" Socialism is the idea that the working class, the class that produces the profits, the wealth, the cars, houses, planes, steel, should take over and run things collectively, democratically, for the benefit of the majority (who also "just happen" to be workers too).
Communism is the idea that society should not have classes - exploiters and exploited, oppressors and oppressed, and so on. "
- Socialism generally refers to an economic system, while communism refers to
both an economic and political system.
- Socialism seeks to manage the economy through deliberate and collective
- Communism seeks to manage both the economy and the society by ensuring that
property is owned collectively, and that control over the distribution of
property is centralized in order to achieve both classlessness and
- Both socialism and communism are based on the principle that the goods and
services produced in an economy should be owned publicly, and controlled and
planned by a centralized organization. Socialism says that the distribution
should take place according to the amount of an individual's production efforts,
whilst communism asserts that that goods and services should be distributed
among the populace according to individuals'